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  LATERAN PALACE
LATERAN PALACE
Image 1: View of the facade of the Lateran Palace from St John Lateran Square
The Latern Palace, located at the St John Lateran Square, was built between 1586 and 1589 as the new Papal Summer Residence, in place of the Patriarchìo (ancient episcopal palace in the Constantinian age) which was partially incorporated into the new complex. The work was commissioned by Sixtus V that engaged the architect Domenico Fontana and it was modelled upon the Farnese Palace.
The Latern Palace, together with the Basilica of St John Lateran and the Lateran Baptistery belongs to the Lateran monumental complex and it has been the Papal Residence for over one thousand years, since the beginning of the IV century, after the donation of this area to the Pope by Constantine.


Physical description
The palace has a square plan with three floors, the four sides are 90 metres long and 34 metres high; three of those facades are similar and are composed by a portal framed by rusticated columns with a balcony above. Worth pointing out is the smart loggia-belvedere, rested on the roof, the majestic scala regia (royal staircase), divided into two flights: one that climbs up to the Loggia delle Benedizioni and the other that takes to the apartments, and besides several rooms, which house valuable paintings, such as: the OBELISKS ROOM, the EMPERORS ROOM and the THRONE ROOM.
Image 2: View of the facade of the Lateran Palace from St John Lateran Gate Square
Image 2: View of the facade of the Lateran Palace from St John Lateran Gate Square
The palace first became an hospital and later an archive; it was restored by Gregory XVI. The building has housed the Gregorian Profane Museum since 1844, the Pio Christian Museum since 1854 and finally the Missionary Ethnological museum since 1926. Since 1967, after the museums have been moved to the Vatican and the building was restored by Paul VI who made the complex higher adding two more floors, the Vicariate of Rome, the Lateran University and the Major Seminary have been housed here.
The Vatican Historical Museum which includes the Papal Apartment, has been housed on the main floor since 1987, the access is gained by the Basilica's Portico.
The Papal Apartment consists of ten rooms and one chapel; worth pointing out is the SALA DELLA CONCILIAZIONE (room of the Teatry) where the Concordat between the Holy See and the Italian State was signed.
The HISTORICAL MUSEUM occupies three sides of the loggiato which faces onto the square courtyard; it contains: a collection of weapons dating from the 16th to the 17th century, a section on Papal iconography and a section dedicated to the historic ceremonial objects of the past.

Address: St John Lateran Square
Location: Rione Monti (Monti District)
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Last modified: May, 5th 2008 | Ave-roma - Online since 14-sep-06 Ave Roma | Partner websites | Site Map

Server Time:
20/8/2019
5:16:15
Last updated
5-may-08


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