Home Ave Roma - The web portal which guides you through the wonderful sights of the eternal city. - Your position within the web site Religious Places > Basilicas and Abbeys > Basilica of St John Lateran v6.0.0
Ave Roma - The web portal which guides you through the wonderful sights of the eternal city.
Google
 
Add Ave Roma to your bookmarks Add to bookmark
Set Ave Roma as your Home Page
Italiano    English
  François   Español
Ave Roma - back one page     HyperLink     Ave Roma - forward for one page   Ave Roma - The web portal which guides you through the wonderful sights of the eternal city. - Web site LogoAve Roma - The web portal which guides you through the wonderful sights of the eternal city. - Web site Logo
  BASILICA OF ST JOHN LATERAN
BASILICA OF ST JOHN LATERAN
Image 1: View of the facade of the Basilica of St John Lateran from St John Lateran Square
The Basilica of St John Lateran was consecrated in 324 by Pope Silvester I, and it was damaged, renovated and enlarged several times. It ranks second, just below the Saint Peter's Basilica, and it's the cathedral church of the diocese of Rome and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Pope.
Excavations which took place in 1877-78 and 1934-38, brought to light (below the Basilica) a Domus that dates back to the third century and another Doums of the first century; the latter was converted somewhat later into the second barrack of the Emperor's Horseguard; afterwards the barrack was cut and modified by Constantine for the building of the Basilica (313-318) which can be considered the first real Catholic Church.

Physical description
The main facade is composed of pilasters and Corinthian half-columns which support the entablature with the middle tympanum and the balustrade with 15 statues,
Image 2: Detail of the facade of the Basilica of St John Lateran
Image 2: Detail of the facade of the Basilica of St John Lateran
whereas the side facade is surmounted by two belfries. Inside the order the interior facade consists of an architraved portico below and an arched loggia above. The portico is surmounted by a barrel vault decorated with coffered ceiling; five doors give access to the vestibule; it is worth to mention the central door with its bronze precious knockers and the Holy Door, the last one on the right, only opened during Jubilee years.
The interior is 130 metres long, it is divided into five naves and it preserves art treasures and important historical evidences.
Worth to point out:
the elaborate ceiling of the spacious nave was begun in 1562 and it was finished in 1567; beneath the tabernacle is the Papal altar which was restored in 1851.
The mosaic in the apse that dates back to the ancient apse, which has been moved here and restored.
The cloister, a masterpiece of Cosmatesque work, built between 1215 and 1232 by Vassellectus (Vassalletto).
The Basilica Museum, which preserves the Treasure of the Cathedral of Rome where liturgical furnitures, vestments and vessels are housed.

Location: St John Gate Square
Ave Roma - back one page     HyperLink     Ave Roma - forward for one page
For any request or question you can contact the webmaster by e-mailing at: webmaster@ave-roma.it | Useful Links
Last modified: May, 5th 2008 | Ave-roma - Online since 14-sep-06 Ave Roma | Partner websites | Site Map

Server Time:
23/8/2019
14:02:02
Last updated
5-may-08


Archaic Necropolis
Felice Aqueduct
Servian Wall
Savello Park
Aqua Appia Aqueduct

online subjects:
- 34 -